Came across this in my meanderings. Thought it interesting.
Quote from http://www.olympics.org.uk
Shooting dates back to the Middle Ages, St Sebastianus Shooting Club in Cologne, Germany was formed in 1463. The Olympic disciplines of skeet and trap stem from "clay pigeon" shooting which has been a popular sport since the late 18th Century.
Shooting has appeared on every Olympic program except St Louis 1904 and Amsterdam 1928. The number and variety of events have changed many times over the Olympiads.
Men’s Shooting was one of the nine sports on the programme of the first Olympic Games of modern times in Athens in 1896. In the Paris Games in 1900, live pigeons were used as moving targets; this was eventually considered unethical and unsporting, so after 1900 the pigeons were replaced with clay targets (‘clay pigeons’). The women’s Shooting disciplines were first included in the Los Angeles 1984 Games.
From Mexico City 1968, women started competing with men in a number of Olympic shooting events. The first woman medallist was Margaret Murdock from the United States in the small-bore rifle (three positions) at Montreal 1976. Murdock finished second to countryman Lenny Bassham after a count-back. A limited number of women’s events were first included at Los Angeles 1984. Until Barcelona 1992, women were still permitted to compete in those events that were not included in their program. From Atlanta 1996, the Olympic shooting program has been segregated.